September 21, 2022

Academician Krasnikov: “Only science can solve a whole range of problems”

By Azlyrics

The Russian Academy of Sciences has elected a new president. It was academician Gennady Krasnikov— specialist in the field of physics of semiconductor devices, general director of JSC “Research Institute of Molecular Electronics”; and Chairman of the Board of Directors of PJSC Mikron. In the elections held on September 20, which were held by secret ballot, he was ahead of Dmitry Markovich, director of the Institute of Thermal Physics. SS Kutateladze of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

“Attitude towards science is changing”

The new head of the Russian Academy of Sciences will hold this position for the next five years. The scientific community is inspired: Krasnikov — head of the country's priority technological direction for the development of microelectronics, which means that the state will not deprive the academy of attention.

Speaking at the General Meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, held in Moscow, Krasnikov shared his plans. The key point of his — to restore the authority of the academy, to make sure that it actively interacts with state authorities and that this interaction is of a close nature. 

“The reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2013 did not arise from scratch. We couldn't prevent it, — he said. — I have a strong feeling that we continue to lose our credibility. We have left the state decision-making system. But after the February events, the situation in Russia was fundamentally different, and a window of new opportunities opened up for the academy. If earlier the problems of science were treated calmly, because we could buy everything, now it has become clear that only science can solve a whole range of problems. Attitudes towards science are changing, and serious attention is being paid to the potential of our institutions.

Krasnikov believes that many institutes should be returned under the wing of the Russian Academy of Sciences (recall that during the reform they were transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education and Science), and social and legal support for members of the academy should be increased. Honored scientists, in his opinion, should be treated accordingly at various levels. 

Another point of the program is devoted to the fact that the Russian Academy of Sciences should help strengthen the defense of the state. “In this segment of its activity, academic science should maintain the established stable and fruitful ties with the military-scientific complex of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, which will make it possible to exclude military-technical surprise from potential and real high-tech opponents of Russia by organizing advanced fundamental research aimed at neutralizing more and more advanced means of armed struggle created in foreign countries, — said in Krasnikov's election program. — The role of academic science is especially important in the expert assessment of possible ways to effectively counter these means at the optimal cost of the state, primarily on the basis of well-thought-out asymmetric approaches that allow us to avoid drawing our country into a new round of the arms race, which may have negative economic and social consequences for us. consequences».

Finally, the new head of the Russian Academy of Sciences claims that he knows how science needs to interact with industry and introduce research results into the real sector of the economy. «Science — applied. The only difference is that some applications appear after 5-10 years, while others — in 50-100, — he says.

“It will take about 3-5 years before the first results appear” has collected the most interesting statements by Gennady Krasnikov from his latest speeches. 

About why he decided to run for president of the Russian Academy of Sciences:

“My decision was influenced by the situation on February 24th. I realized that a lot of things in our state are changing significantly before our eyes. And I thought that this is a moment when we can change quite a lot, including in the Academy of Sciences itself, enter it into the system of state decision-making and significantly increase its authority, which, unfortunately, continues to fall. < /p>

About future work with the country's leadership:

“The President of the Russian Academy of Sciences should work more actively with the leadership of the country. These should not be calls on duty, but close communication, discussions, so that the president understands what the leaders have in mind, and so that they understand what the position of the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences is. This is a daily and very necessary work. If everyone sees that the president works at this level, then other members of the academy will be able to work with departments, with deputy ministers, with heads of departments.

In our country, management often closes on the middle link. We interact incorrectly with public authorities, and this leads to the fact that we lose respect. If we do not agree on some document, but it still comes out, and at the same time we shrug, — This not normal. It's not respecting yourself or others. You can't let yourself be ignored. 

On your personal qualities:

“I believe that the experience that I have, and I have been the director of a large institute for more than 30 years, will be useful to me. I can defend my point of view. I have many examples when I defended my position in the presence of VLadimir Vladimirovich Putin, and I know how to convince. 

About sanctions and import substitution: 

“These sanctions have a dual role. About 8 years ago it was difficult to talk to the government — to many questions related to the development of domestic technologies and developments, we were answered: „Why do this? We can easily buy everything. We are surrounded by friendly countries. But now I see how much is changing in our line of work: approaches, the very format of economic relations, the philosophy of attitude to the situation on the part of the government. 

It became clear that we need to develop our own, domestic. We see that all this is in demand, we are asked: „Where are your ideas? Let's implement!“ And I see that our leaders, represented by the prime minister and vice-premiers, are in a different mood. Our time is coming, especially for those who are engaged in research and development.

About Russian microelectronics:

“The main sanctions hit us in the field of microelectronics. By the way, the institute where I work, the Research Institute of Molecular Electronics, was one of the first to be included in the sanctions list of the US Department of Commerce.

Microelectronics — it is a whole complex of directions. It is not only the creation of „pure“ rooms where we have to produce integrated circuits. It's an entire industry. These are especially pure materials, electronic engineering, appropriate software. Unfortunately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, these areas did not develop in our country.

It is necessary to create a lot, even the production of special containers, because any gas flow in contact with not quite „clean“ container, immediately contaminated. We must actually re-develop domestic electronic engineering, create new equipment for the production of integrated circuits. That is, to create an industry that did not exist for many years. And these programs are planned. The management has an understanding, and I think that it will take about 3-5 years before the first tangible results appear.

We try to evaluate microelectronics by the goods on the shelf: where do we have our „Apple“, where is the household technique? This is such a painful topic. And they do not think about the technologies used in the military-industrial complex. Meanwhile, our new weapons, which President Putin also talks about, use technologies where we are world leaders.

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