January 13, 2022

Robocops on the march. Will robotic machine guns replace sentries in the army?

By Azlyrics

The Russian military may start using rifle complexes with artificial intelligence elements to guard important facilities. In the near future, robotic machine guns will go to the first tests. AiF.ru understood the peculiarities of this system.

It is planned to replace the man-sentries with armored installations equipped with machine guns with optical-electronic systems and radars. In the event of an alarm, the unit is brought into combat position. & Nbsp;

The complexes provide visual observation of the controlled area, are equipped with loudspeakers, cameras, a thermal imager and other technical means of detecting intruders. The installation received standard optical-electronic systems, as well as radars, which can detect targets not only in daylight, but also at night. When an intruder appears, such systems warn over the speakerphone that he must not be in the protected area and offer to stay in place until the patrol arrives. & Nbsp;

The new system is a neural network. A special algorithm allows artificial intelligence to determine who is in the restricted area & mdash; person or animal. After the installation detects the target, it checks it against the image library and, if the object is included in it, warns the operator of the danger. Animals are not included in the list of dangerous objects.

At the same time, electronics can understand how dangerous a person is for an object by comparing his behavior with examples sewn into the matrix of a neural network. For example, it identifies combat small arms in the hands of the enemy and distinguishes it from a hunting one. Based on the collected data, the system gives recommendations to the operator how to deal with the target, and if necessary, & mdash; in which mode is it better to hit her.

The new installation will be able to open fire only at the command of a person. After the decision is made, optoelectronic systems and radars will not only provide aiming, but also control the destruction of targets. The operator at this time will be able to monitor the situation remotely & mdash; from a special hideout or command post. & nbsp;

A transition to completely manual control is provided, for this there is a remote control and management, to which a picture is transmitted from the tracking means included in the standard set of equipment of the installation. Signals are exchanged between the unit and the control panel over a secure network.

The development is now in a high degree of readiness, and it is planned to send it for testing in the near future. After being adopted for service, the new installation will be included as one of the combat elements in a promising complex for the protection of military facilities. & Nbsp;

Last year it was reported that a new perimeter security system, Prometheus, had been created in Russia. The complex received combat modules with heavy machine guns. The security complex includes up to 16 combat modules, which are controlled by the operator. Robotic guards can detect an intruder and send a violation alert. If necessary, the robot protects the guarded object. The operator of the security complex controls the remote control, which allows you to switch to one of the modules. Upon detecting an intruder, the robot can play an automatic warning. In turn, the operator has the ability to transmit a message through the loudspeakers installed on the module.

All armies of developed countries are trying to achieve maximum automation of weapons systems. Shooting automated installations are already in service with other countries. For example, in South Korea, such systems armed with a machine gun are used to guard the border. They are equipped with loudspeaker devices, with the help of which you can warn the offender that he is committing illegal actions. At the same time, they can open fire only with the permission of the operator, but it is possible that the human control function can be turned off. Tests show that these shooting systems tend to do better than humans & mdash; find targets faster and hit them more accurately. In addition, research shows that the soldier only correctly identifies the target 80% of the time. In the future, such installations can be made mobile or placed on flying drones.

Now in the Russian army and navy, various remote-controlled robotic systems are actively used. The navy received the DIABAS hydroacoustic anti-sabotage system. It allows you to detect saboteurs swimmers. The complex consists of hydrophones and a standard container, where workplaces are equipped for operators monitoring the situation. Hydrophones installed at the bottom or on the piers can easily find not only swimmers, but also underwater drones. The system is as mobile as possible. The container can be loaded onto a truck and transported to the desired location. The naval counter-sabotage forces are also receiving Tachyon aerial drones. Their equipment allows detecting enemy combat swimmers at a depth of several meters.

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Источник aif.ru